Department of Mathematics, University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, USA.
The history of the theory of reaction-diffusion systems begins with the three famous works by Luther (1906), Fisher and Kolmogorov etc. (1937). Since these seminal papers much research has been carried out in an attempt to extend the original results to more complicated systems which arise in several fields. For example, in ecology and biology the early systematic treatment of dispersion models of biological populations [Skellam (1951)] assumed random movement. There the probability thatan individual which at time t = 0 is at the point x1 moves to the point x2 in the interval of time △t is the same as that of moving from x2 to x1 during the same time interval. On this basis the diffusion coefficient in the classical models of population dispersion appears as constant.
In this talk, we study the case that some species migrate from densely populated areas into sparsely populated areas to avoid crowding, and investigate a more general reaction-diffusion system by considering density-dependent dispersion as a regulatory mechanism of the cyclic changes. Here the probability that an animal moves from the point x1 to x2depends on the density at x1. Under certain conditions, we apply the higher terms in the Taylor series and the center manifold method to obtain the local behavior around a non-hyperbolic point of codimension one in the pase plane, and use the Lie symmetry reduction method to explore bounded traveling wave solutions. Numerical simulation and biological explanation are presented.