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Feng Jicai Research Institute of Literature and Art

Chinese Inheritors of Oral History Research Center 

Authorized jointly by the Chinese Folk Literature and Art Association as well as Tianjin University, and backed by the Feng Jicai Research Institute of Literature and Art of Tianjin University, the Research Center of Chinese Inheritors' Oral History is the first national-level research institute that centers on expanding the practice of fieldwork and construction of the theory of inheritors of oral history, as a form of intangible cultural heritage.

Early this century, a part of the project to rescue Chinese folk cultural legacy, Feng Jicai creatively applied the theory and method of oral history to the protection of folk cultural heritage and filled the gaps in the area of national inheritors of oral history. Since that time, people-oriented theory and thoughts of paying attention to inheritors’ cultural memory and historical consciousness developed into academic theories of systematic and scientific fieldwork. From 2005, folk culture workers continuously collected and recorded inheritors of oral history from fieldwork, successively launching systematic investigations, organization and publication of oral history. In a decade, books like Chinese Outstanding Folk Culture Inheritors Series, Chinese Wood-block New Year Picture Inheritors Oral History Series, and Cultural Heritage Achieves of Imperial Heavenly Queen Temple in Tian Jin were consecutively published. And in the fall of 2011, “further studies on Chinese New Year pictures database construction and oral history methodology" was included as a major project of the National Social Science Fund (No. 11&ZD064), and  monograph Methodology Studies on Inheritors Oral History of 300,000 words was completed within three years.

Taking research methods from disciplines such as anthropology, history, literature, folklore and communication, Chinese Inheritors of Oral History Research Center conducts theoretical discussion and research on the oral history of inheritors and creates its own academic research methods. It established the theoretical system of inheritors of oral history, providing the theory and guidance for the protection of folk cultural heritage.

Chinese Inheritors of Oral History Research Center is engaged in the collection, recording, organization and conservation of endangered folk culture, and tries to create conditions for publication and propagation, leading the public to develop a cultural consciousness of the importance of cultural memory and folk cultural heritage inheritors.

The research center has systemically collected and stored firsthand data of cultural heritage inheritors, including audio, video, images and text data, and has built a digital archive of inheritors of oral history and of folk cultural memory to operate, manage and, conserve a “sound history” of cultural legacy inheritors for the people.

Standing at the academic frontier, the research center holds academic conferences and establishes academic publications to promote and enrich its academic work. At the same time, it has been involved in academic exchange activities related to oral history both at home and abroad, aiming at spreading the academic theory and vision of the Feng Jicai Culture and Art Research Institute.

Theoretical results are widely applied to the fieldwork of inheritors of oral history through the cultivation of folk cultural workers. Therefore, the preservation and protection project of Chinese folk cultural legacy can be conducted in a scientific and systematic way.

China’s Traditional Village Protection and Development Research Center

On June 4, 2013, China's Traditional Village Protection and Development Research Center (hereafter referred to as the Center) unveiled its plaque at Feng Jicai Research Institute of Arts and Literature of Tianjin University. Approved by the Chinese Folk Literature and Art Society in Tianjin University, and supported by Feng Jicai Research Institute of Arts and Literature, the Center serves as an institution, which focuses on the preservation and research of traditional villages. The Center consists of academic committee, liaison department, research department, books and magazines department and information department. Mr. Feng proposed to establish the Expert Committee for Preservation and Development of China's Traditional Villages, which brings together many experts and scholars in the area of anthropology, architecture, folklore, as well as study of legacy, and Feng plays the role as director of the committee.

The committee has been working to build up a complete resource system and database, enact protecting standards and study protecting methods of China’s traditional villages. Besides, by virtual of the Internet, it also reposts the present situation of those villages to the government and disseminates advanced knowledge and methods of how to save them. Moreover, it holds regular academic conferences and seminars, according to the needs of the academic research center.

In order to save, preserve and establish files of those traditional villages in China, the Center set up a compiling work of “Traditional Village Database in China”. All data come from the front line of preservation investigation work and some relevant government departments, groups, researchers and volunteers also make contributions. Containing textual data, voice, images, multimedia and many other forms, this database is thought to be a relatively complete and systematic data recording system.

To ensure the research work of our traditional villages proceeding smoothly, the Center have published a series of paper, like Traditional Villages Investigation Field Manual of China, Template of Traditional Villages Investigation in China, Catalog of Chinese Traditional Villages, Heritage of Villages and Work Communication.

Www.chuantongcunluo.com, supported by China's Traditional Village Protection and Development Research Center, is a comprehensive website about the preservation and study of traditional villages. This website will be an important window for society at large to understand and recognize the past history and present situation, get dynamic information as well as propose public sentiment of traditional villages. Columns under the website include Sections, News, National Catalog, Surveys for Archive-Building, Village 120, Expert Opinion, Center Materials, and several subsidiary columns like The University, The Center, The Website, Source, Policies and Regulations, Village Catalog, Maps, Project Introduction, Case Template and so on.

After it was founded on June 4th, 2013, China's Traditional Village Protection and Development Research Center has been consistently devoting in holding domestic and foreign academic conferences and business meetings, which attract plenty of experts from all walks of life, and gain comprehensive responses and reputation around the world.

Since the foundation of the Center, its members have been repeatedly conducting grass-roots researches on traditional villages throughout the country. The researchers are all well-prepared. First, they make on-the-ground comparison targeted on where remain doubts on basis of their familiarity with relevant materials, and raise questions to guarantee the authenticity of investigations. Then, they sketch out their work plan in strict accordance with Traditional Villages Investigation Field Manual of China and Template of Traditional Villages Investigation in China. Besides, during field surveys, they make definite and detailed division on specific items like village profile, historical witness, both tangible and intangible cultural heritage, natural heritage and so on. Finally, according to their research and information they come up with certain files on those villages in forms of text, image, voice, video and then upload them to China's traditional village database.

Address: Feng Jicai Research Institute of Arts and Literature, Weijin Road Campus, Tianjin University, No. 92 Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin

Contact: (Tel) +86 22 27400263
Website:
www.chuantongcunluo.com
E-mail: chuantongcunluo@126.com

The Chinese Wood-block New Year Picture Study Center

 

The Feng Jicai Research Institute of Literature and Art of Tianjin University founded the Chinese Wood-block New Year Picture Study Center Authorized by Chinese Folk Literature and Art Association[ (2007)N15], the centre has, established a system for the preservation and protection of Chinese Wood-block New Year Pictures and undertaken the responsibility of preserving this Chinese folk culture heritage and is the first state-level protection and research institute of New Year Pictures. The institute has conducted general investigation, collection, organization and protection work and academic research of national New Year Picture heritage. Abundant resources such as Chinese Wood-block New Year Picture database and collection, as well as “Local Art Museum”, this ensures the research center can serve as an important platform for New Year Picture Research.

Since its foundation in 2006, The Feng Jicai Culture and Art Research Institute has undertaken a major program of the National Social Science Foundation involving database construction and oral history research of Chinese Wood-block New Year Pictures. Moreover, it published several cultural archives like Chinese Wood-block New Year Pictures: Hua County, Chinese Wood-block New Year Pictures, Russian Collection, Chinese Wood-block New Year Picture Oral History (14) and has hosted exhibitions and international seminars such as “Achievement Exhibition of Hua County New Year Picture Investigation”, “Enjoy the New Year through New Year Pictures: Exhibition of Tianjin New Year Picture History”, "Achievement Exhibition of Chinese Wood-block New Year Pictures” and “International Seminar on Chinese Wood-block New Year Pictures”. The research center also issued an article Research on New Year Pictures and published more than ten articles concerning New Year Pictures in the leading National Social Science Journal. Recently, the center was engaged in compiling Chinese Wood-block New Year pictures that were selected for inclusion among the world intangible cultural heritage list. All these activities have generated a huge response among both academic circles and the general public.

For further information, please tap the link http://www.nianhua.org.cn/.